WHAT IS A DENTAL IMPLANT ?
Today, dental implants have become the most preferable and successful treatment option for restoring the function and aesthetics for missing teeth; They are artificial tooth roots made of titanium material.
Since dental implants, which are generally in the form of screws, titanium, their biological compatibility with the jawbone is very high. This harmony occurs by binding the bone cells to the titanium surface. This important biological relationship is called osteointegration.
Can Implants be Applied to Every Patient?
Implants are commonly used for patients suffering from tooth loss over many years. The general health status of the patient should be evaluated prior to carrying out the treatment. Patients who are at risk of bleeding, infection due to systemic diseases, who cannot provide adequate care and whose jaw bones are not suitable for treatment should be directed to prosthetic treatments other than implants.
Apart from patients with these issues, implant treatment can be applied to any patient at any age whose general health is good, has sufficient bone and has completed bone development.
In Which Cases are Implants Recommended in Dental Treatments?
They can be applied in edentulous lower-upper jaws, for patients whose posterior region end without teeth due to loss of molars, in case of a single tooth loss or any area with tooth deficiency such as large toothless gaps.
Can I have an Implant Immediately After Tooth Extraction?
During tooth extraction, implant applications can be performed immediately, this procedure is called immediate implant surgery. For the process to be successful, the bone and infection status of the extraction area should be carefully examined. If it is not placed immediately, the patient can have an implant after 6-8 weeks of bone healing.
The removal of tooth deficiency in a short time after the extraction will prevent both the preservation of the existing bone and the slippage that may occur especially with female patients. The fact that the roots of the posterior molars are anatomically in contact with the sinus, especially in the upper jaw, accelerates the bone resorption after extraction, leading to the need for bone addition.
For cases where the bone is insufficient, weak or has been lost due to resorption, bone addition is necessary during the surgery to support the weaker section of the jaw and restore it to the required amount for implant treatment. Bone addition is referred to as bone grafting or sinus lifting in dentistry.
Is Implant Treatment a Difficult and Painful Treatment?
No, it isn’t. The surgical procedure is performed painless with the aid of local anaesthesia. Each patient has a different anatomy and metabolism in terms of difficulty. Implant treatment and planning for each patient may be different. Depending on the bone structure and strength, treatment methods may vary.
Informing the patient in detail and accurately by the physician before the treatment will ensure that this process is carried out comfortably.
What are The Stages of Implant Treatment?
-Diagnosis and Treatment Planning: The suitability of the patient’s bone structure and amount is determined clinically and radiologically. A suitable treatment planning is made in accordance with the patient’s wishes and needs following the doctors’ examination and evaluation.
-Implant Surgery: General anaesthesia can be preferred depending on the duration of the procedure. However local anaesthesia is more commonly used due to higher efficiency and lower cost. After all sterile conditions are fulfilled in line with the implant system to be applied, implant spaces are prepared with special drill holes and the implants are placed in them.
Healing Process: The gum healing process; After 7-10 days, the stitches are removed but the process is approximately 3-6 months. The bone tissue heals very slowly compared to the gums. This process can be prolonged in advanced surgical procedures such as bone addition to the jaw.
Prosthesis Construction Phase: There are two types of implant-supported prostheses. Fixed and mobile prostheses. Fixed prosthetic treatments; These are designed in the form of crowns and bridges, and completely restore the natural tooth function. With removable prosthetic treatments, it must be ensured that the palates which can be attached and removed by the patient, have a very good retention with implants.
How Long do Implants Last?
As long as there is a healthy bone tissue and gingiva around the implant, the implant maintains its continuity. Regular checks with your doctor and after the construction phase of the implants is completed, a good oral hygiene and care of the patient will prolong the life of the implant.
Physiological bone loss due to ageing is one of the negative factors affecting the lifespan of implants. In researches, we see that smoking plays an active role in gum diseases and bone loss, which affects implant durability.
How Many Dental Implants are Needed for The Treatment?
The number of Implants needed will depend on the number of missing teeth you have. Dental Implants are used to replace as many teeth as necessary. The recommended maximum number of implants per jaw is 6. 12 or 14 teeth(crowns) per jaw(based on your dentition and jaw structure) will then be added on top of the implants.
Each implant can support up to 3 teeth(crowns), however the dental experts usually advise and plan for 2 teeth to be used for each implant in order to reduce the amount of pressure on the jaw and eliminate any future issues which may occur. Not every tooth will need to be replaced by dental implants.
Is Implant Treatment Expensive?
In comparison to other treatments, implant treatment is higher in cost due to the materials and treatment methods used. The number of implants and the type of prosthetic treatment applied also have an affect on the total cost.
However, increasing the quality of life and providing longer-term solutions for patients’ dental health make implant treatment essential for patients and physicians today.